A juvenile delinquent is any young person under the age of 18 years whose conduct is characterized by antisocial behaviour that is beyond parental control and subject to legal action. A minor involved in acts such as assault, rape, substance abuse, underaged drinking and smoking, gang violence, stealing, cultism, robbery, etc.
Habitual committing of criminal acts or offences by a young person, especially one below the age at which ordinary criminal prosecution is possible. Boys with chronic delinquent behaviour who are at risk of incarceration.
Risk factors of juvenile offending include broken families, poverty, frequent parent’s fights, poor parenting, peer pressure, lack of parental supervision, lack of discipline, family violence, lack of education, substance abuse, uninvolved parenting, unequal treatment between children, siblings with behaviour problems, etc. These contribute to the onset of criminal behaviour in a child or adolescent.
The most effective way to prevent juvenile delinquency is to mitigate the risk factors in the family. Early intervention for vulnerable children and their families means identifying and providing early support to children and young people who are at risk of poor outcomes.
Benefits of Early Intervention for Families
Families benefit from early intervention by being able to better meet their children’s needs and protect them from offending or coming in conflict with the law.
Family support makes use of trained personnel who will give appropriate support, advice to deal with challenges. Encourage supportive family relationship. If a child feels listened to and supported at home they are less likely to become delinquent.
They support parents and children affected by a range of events divorce, separation, domestic violence, child abuse and neglect, unemployment, etc. with child protective factors, education, recreation, community involvement, parent child interaction, bullying prevention and after school enrichment activities to keep children from having problems.
The siblings of youth on parole are less likely to commit crimes because of the help their family has received.
Youth out of detention readjust to free life and do not go back because of the improved condition of their families thereby ending repeat offences.
Conflict Resolution Education
Conflict resolution is an important life skill. Teaching young people to develop right values and positive mindset. Teaching them healthy actions, social skills, coping skills and problem solving skills to deal with difficult situations and keep healthy relationships.
Delinquency and violence are symptoms of youth inability to solve problems and handle conflicts constructively. They imbibe preventive strategies, positive value reorientation and attitudes that can prevent juveniles from ever encountering the justice system.
They learn the skills to control emotions and behaviour under extreme stress. It inculcates active listening, effective communication to address underlying problems that can negatively impact youth behaviour and actions.
It instills in them self awareness and conscious knowledge of their feelings, traits, character and behaviour to help them resolve disputes peacefully, reduce antisocial behaviour and violence.
Youth are equipped with a skill set for problem solving and non violent communication reducing incidents of fighting, bullying, harassment and other forms of violence among young people. They manage competing needs and interests without resorting to violence and stay out of trouble.